Frauenwiesen

frauenwiesen_weiss

 

Cadastral Community Leithaprodersdorf, Provincial Law Gazette No 4/1976

The ‘Frauenwiesen’ situated at the northern edge of the Leithagebirge Mountains near Loretto are among the most beautiful and botanically valuable meadows in the Burgenland. The geological underground of the area covering about 13 ha and declining slightly to the north-west consists of tertiary pannonic silty clay and sands.

 

Soil formation is significantly influenced by the springs orignating from the slopes of the near Leithagebirge Mountains. Due to the different site conditions ranging from long-lasting wetness near the spring outlets to early dryness in higher altitudes, several types of grassland can be found. The ecological spectrum ranges from a Brown Bog-Rush-calcareous fen and Small Sedge-marsh over Purple Moor Grass-‘Streuwiesen’ (traditionally these meadows were only mown once a year in autumn and the cuttings were used as bedding in stables) to the Erect Brome Semi-Dry grasslands.
primula_farinosa_mehlprimel_ko

In the southeast of the protection area, above slope gley soils there is a small Brown Bog-Rush-calcareous fen. Here some of the rarest plant species of the Burgenland occur: Bird’s Eye Primrose (Primula farinosa), Common Butterwort (Pinguicula vulgaris), False Asphodel (Tofieldia calyculata), Broad-leafed Cottongrass (Eriophorum latifolium) and Loose Marsh Orchid (Orchis palustris).

Like the calcareous fen the Blue Moor Grass-Molinia meadows must be counted among the most seriously endangered habitat communities in the Burgenland. The lean soil growth conditions have resulted in the development of a particularly species-rich plant community in which the Fragrant Leek (Allium suaveolens) has its unique and only occurrence in the Burgenland. Among the most remarkable plant species are orchids such as the Fragrant Orchid (Gymnadenia conopsea), the Early Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza incarnata), the Marsh Helleborine (Epipactis palustris), the Broad-leaved Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza majalis) as well as the Marsh Gentian (Gentiana pneumonanthe), and the Globeflower (Trollius europaeus).

Restricted to few square metres only, there is a Small Sedge marsh, dominated by the Brown Sedge (Carex disticha). This stand is flooded over longer periods so that it even ‘escapes’ from mowing in wet years. One particularly interesting species of this area is Buxbaum’s Sedge (Carex buxbaumii).frauenwiesen