• Naturschutzbund Burgenland
  • Naturschutzbund Burgenland
  • Naturschutzbund Burgenland
  • Naturschutzbund Burgenland
  • Naturschutzbund Burgenland
  • Naturschutzbund Burgenland

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Bird Sanctuary Lake Neusiedl - Seewinkel

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With a total area of 41,735 ha the area comprises the Nature and Landscape Protection Area Lake Neusiedl plus surroundings including the sites of the National Park Lake Neusiedl – Seewinkel. Moreover, the Nature Protection Areas "Hackelsberg“, “Jungerberg“, "Thenauriegel“, "Goldberg“ and ”Pfarrwiesen“ are included as well. As part of the Little Hungarian Plain, the Lake Neusiedl area is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Central Alps. That intersection of pannonian and alpine major landscapes leads to an encounter of animal and plant species of different origins. An enormous variety of different habitats can be found in that area that stretches from the slopes of the Leithagebirge Mountains to the broad plains of the Pannonian region.

graugnse_darscho_haiderThermophilic oak forests,  the lowland plains around lake Neusiedl with its reed belt as well as the salt lakes of the Seewinkel in the middle of wide open meadows and steppe-like dry grassland form eco-systems with strongly differing site conditions and different animal and plant communities.

With an expansion over 320 km2 Lake Neusiedl is the central and dominating habitat in this area. That steppe lake which is famous for its rich bird fauna is the home of unique stands of water fowl in particular geese, web-footed birds, crakes, rails as well as reed singers. The „Seewinkel“, the „Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen“ and the slopes of the Leithagebirge Moun- tains are by no means less important with regard to their international impact on bird protection. Numerous species of shallow saline water pools, wet meadows but also cultural landscapes have their sole or most important breeding places in Austria. Among the numerous bird species in this area, many species with eastern habitats reach the western limits of their distribution. The negative impact of excessive nutrient content in Lake Neusiedl has been reduced significantly during the last few years so that in spite of restricted water level dynamics, utilization with regard to tourism, hunting and fishing, the conservation status can be regarded als good to moderately impaired. This assessment must be seen against the background of initiatives that started with the foundation of the National Park Lake Neusiedl – Seewinkel in particular and have proved more and more sucessful. The landscape changes and loss of habitats in the Seewinkel and Hanság have had more severe consequences. In future shallow saline water pools will require consistent preservation and restoration of the nature-like water household and stabilization of the drying-up process. Significant improvements have been achieved on meadows and pastures resulting from utilization by national park management and ÖPUL projects (the Austrian Agri-environmental Programmes). If intensively used areas are regenerated step by step, a constant approach to the traditional landscape features and the original habitat characteristics can definitely be expected. By continuing regional management and Öpul measures, a good conservation status of the extensively used meadows and pastures might already be achieved in the medium term. The development may similarly be applied to the meadows on the shores of Lake Neusiedl and on the slopes of the Leithagebirge Mountains and the Wagram Mountain of the tableland Parndorfer Platte. Utilization with regard to tourism, hunting and fishing that aims at achieving conservationist objectives will in future be required in the entire Natura2000 Area beyond the territories of the National Park Lake Neusiedl – Seewinkel.

Protected Features:

The territories of the National Park Lake Nausiedl – Seewinkel with the exception of the preservation area Waasen (Hanság) are part of the Landscape Protection Area Lake Neusiedl and surroundings and comprise 10 Nature Protection Areas.